HIS DISCUSSIONS WITH PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN EARNED HIM A PROMOTION TO BRIGADIER GENERAL AND LESS THAN TWO WEEKS AFTER LINCOLN SIGNED THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION HE WAS SENT TO NEW ORLEANS TO ENLIST AFRICAN AMERICANS AS SOLDIERS IN CORP'S D'AFRIQUE
General Daniel Ullmann (1810 –1892) Signed Slip, "Daniel Ullmann, B.Gnl.", 3.25 x 1.25, mounted to a piece of an album page, by an American lawyer and politician from New York. He also served as a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Captured at the Battle of Cedar Mountain in August 1862, he was detained at Libby Prison until he was paroled two months later. He later approached President Abraham Lincoln about the possibility of enlisting African Americans as soldiers. After subsequent discussion, on January 13,1863, just 12 days after President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, Ullman was promoted to brigadier general and sent to New Orleans, Louisiana where he raised five regiments of African Americans as soldiers in a unit that was designated the Corps d'Afrique. He now commanded a brigade made up of those colored infantry regiments and a regiment of colored engineers. Ullman led his men into the Siege of Port Hudson, where they suffered heavy casualties. The Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana (May 22 – July 9, 1863), was the final engagement in the Union campaign to recapture the Mississippi River in the American Civil War. This rare Civil War-date signature is in fine condition.
The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed primarily of African-American (colored) soldiers, although members of other minority groups also served with the units. They were first recruited during the American Civil War, and by the end of that war in April 1865, the 175 USCT regiments constituted about one-tenth of the manpower of the Union Army. About 20% of USCT soldiers died, a rate about 35% higher than that for white Union troops. Despite heavy casualties, many fought with distinction, 15 USCT soldiers receiving the Medal of Honor and numerous others receiving other honors. The USCT regiments were precursors to the Buffalo Soldier regiments in the American Old West.