1940 PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE FROM INDIANA WAS STRONG ON CIVIL RIGHTS
Wendell Lewis Willkie (1892-1944) Signed Card, "Wendell Willkie", 3 x 2, black ink, by the American lawyer from Indiana, corporate executive, and the 1940 Republican nominee for President of the United States. During his 1940 campaign, Willkie had pledged to integrate the civil service and armed forces, and proudly pointed to what he deemed the strongest civil rights plank in history in the Republican platform. He also promised to end racial segregation in Washington, D.C. He gained the endorsements of the two largest African American newspapers. With Willkie running to the left of Roosevelt on civil rights, Roosevelt feared that blacks would return to their traditional home in the Republican Party, and he secured several prominent promotions or hirings of African Americans. Roosevelt was successful in keeping the majority of the black vote. After the election, Willkie promised to keep fighting for civil rights.