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LIFETIME AUTHENTICITY GUARANTEE WITHOUT TIME LIMIT

ULYSSES S. GRANT SIGNED DOCUMENT AS SECRETARY OF WAR, CIVIL RIGHTS 1867

$1,995.00

Description

AT THE END OF THE U. S. CIVIL WAR ULYSSES S. GRANT REMAINED COMMANDER OF THE ARMY AND HIS DUTIES INCLUDED ENFORCEMENT OF RECONSTUCTION IN THE FORMER CONFEDERATE STATES. NEW PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON OPPOSED GRANT’S ENFORCEMENT OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 AND ON MARCH 2, 1867 CONGRESS, OVERRIDING JOHNSON’S VETO, PASSED THE FIRST OF THREE RECONSTRUCTION ACTS, USING MILITARY OFFICERS TO ENFORCE THE POLICY. PROTECTING GRANT, CONGRESS PASSED THE COMMAND OF THE ARMY ACT, PREVENTING HIS REMOVAL OR RELOCATION AND FORCING JOHNSON TO PASS ORDERS THROUGH GRANT. PRESIDENT JOHNSON THEN FIRED EDWIN STANTON, A RADICAL REPUBLICAN, AS SECRETARY OF WAR AND NOMINATED GRANT TO REPLACE HIM BUT THAT REQUIRED SENATE APPROVAL SO WHILE WAITING FOR CONGRESS TO DECIDE, GRANT, NOT WANTING THE ARMY TO FALL UNDER A CONSERVATIVE APPOINTEE WHO WOULD IMPEDE RECONSTRUCTION,  ACCEPTED THE AD INTERIM POSITION AS SECRETARY OF WAR. CONGRESS VOTED TO KEEP STANTON AND GRANT INFORMED JOHNSON THAT HE WAS GOING TO RESIGN HIS SHORT-LIVED POSITION. THIS LED TO AN ACRIMONIOUS BREAK BETWEEN THE TWO AND THE CONTROVERSY LED TO JOHNSON’S IMPEACHMENT. GRANTS POPULARITY ROSE AND HIS NOMINATION FOR THE PRESIDENCY SOON FOLLOWED. DOCUMENTS SIGNED BY ULYSSES S. GRANT, DURING THE FEW MONTHS HE SERVED AS SECRETARY OF WAR ARE EXTREMELY RARE.

ULYSSES S. GRANT (1822-85) MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED AS SECRETARY OF WAR, U. S. Grant”, 8 x 10, War Department, Washington, November 20th, 1867, appoints John A. Campbell “for gallant and meritorious services during the war, especially in the battle of Resaca, Ga. [part of the Atlanta Campaign], a Major by Brevet, in the services of the United States.” The document is docketed at the bottom in acknowledgement of the recommendation of General J. M. Schofield, Richmond, Va. In fine condition, with mailing fold lines.

$1995   #12409ZBWM