Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn (1882-1961) Signed Card, "Sam Rayburn", 3 x 5, by the American politician from Texas, who served as the 43rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Rayburn refused to sign the 1956 Southern Manifesto (which was in opposition to racial integration in public places)and helped shepherd to passage the Civil rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, the first civil rights bills passed by the U.S. Congress since the Reconstruction Era (1863–1877). Rayburn was also influential in the construction of U.S. Route 66. He was a three-time House Speaker, former House Majority Leader, two-time House Minority Leader, and a 24-term congressman, representing Texas's 4th congressional district as a Democrat from 1913 to 1961. He holds the record for the longest tenure as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving for over 17 years (among his three separate stints). In fine condition.