CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE (HUAC) TO INVESTIGATE ALLEGED DISLOYALTY AND SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES ON THE PART OF PRIVATE CITIZENS, PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, AND THOSE ORGANIZATIONS SUSPECTED OF HAVING FASCIST OR COMMUNIST TIES, ENCOURAGED THE INTERNMENT OF JAPANESE AMERICANS, HELD HEARINGS INTO THE ALLEGED COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA AND INFLUENCE IN THE HOLLYWOOD MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY THAT LED TO 'THE HOLLYWOOD TEN' BLACKLIST, OPPOSED DESEGREGATION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT IN BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
Martin Dies Jr. (1901 – 1972) Rare Signed Card, "Martin Dies", 3 x 2, by the Texas politician and a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives. He was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-second and after that to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1931 – January 3, 1945). In 1944, Dies did not seek renomination to the Seventy-ninth Congress, but was elected to the Eighty-third and to the two succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1959). Dies served as the first chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate Un-American Activities from 1937 through 1944.
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA), popularly dubbed the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), and from 1969 onwards known as the House Committee on Internal Security, was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. The HUAC was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Fascist or Communist ties. The committee also put together an argument for the internment of Japanese Americans known as the "Yellow Report". In 1947, the committee held nine days of hearings into alleged communist propaganda and influence in the Hollywood motion picture industry. After conviction on contempt of Congress charges for refusal to answer some questions posed by committee members, "The Hollywood Ten" were blacklisted by the industry. Dies' public charges and rumor mongering after June 1941 came at a time when the USSR was a member of the allied nations resisting the Nazi offensive in Europe and North Africa. Rather than assisting the effort to ferret out Nazi spies during World War II, Dies continued his pre-war fixation on Communist spies in the U.S. government—a precursor to the Joe McCarthy era during the 1950s. Dies was a signatory to the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education. In fine condition.