Madame Chiang Kai-Shek Signed Taiwan Postage Stamp With Her Image, "Mayling Soong Chiang" (also known as Madame Chiang Kai-Shek or Madame Chiang), affixed to a 3.5 x 2 off-white card, by the Chinese political figure who was First Lady of the Republic of China, the wife of Generalissimo and President Chiang Kai-shek. Soong played a prominent role in the politics of the Republic of China and was the sister-in-law of Sun Yat-sen, the founder and the leader of the Republic of China. She was active in the civic life of her country and held many honorary and active positions, including chairman of Fu Jen Catholic University. During the Second Sino-Japanese War she rallied her people against the Japanese invasion and in 1943 conducted an eight month speaking tour of the United States of America to gain support. On February 18, 1943, she became the first Chinese national and the second woman to address both houses of the US Congress. After the defeat of her husband's government in the Chinese Civil War in 1949, Madame Chiang followed her husband to Taiwan. In 1955 the United States signed an agreement guaranteeing Taiwan’s defense. Many countries continued to recognize Chiang’s government in exile as the legitimate Chinese government, and it would control China’s seat in the United Nations until Chiang’s death. From 1972 onward, however, Taiwan’s preferred status (especially in relation to the United States) was threatened by improving U.S.-China relations. In 1979, four years after Chiang died, the United States broke off diplomatic relations with Taiwan and established full relations with the People’s Republic of China. Signed images of Madame Chiang are very rare. Comes with the original mailing envelope and the transmittal letter on "Office of the President, Republic of China" letterhead, 7 x 10.5, Taipei, Taiwan, October 6, 1961, acknowledging the request for the autograph. All three items are in fine condition, with the usual mailing folds to the letter.