HE BECAME ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS SCIENTIST IN AMERICA AND INFLUENCED OTHER IMPORTANT INDIVIDUALS IN THE SCIENTIFIC WORLD AND HERE HE PLEADS FOR GREATER SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN THE SCHOOLS
JACQUES LOEB (1859-1924) SIGNED HANDWRITTEN NOTE, “Jacques Loeb”, on a card 4.75 x 2.5, by the German-born American physiologist and biologist who worked as a professor of physiology at both the University of Chicago and later at the University of California. Then in 1910, he moved to the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York, where he headed a department created for him. He spent summers at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA, performing experiments on various marine invertebrates. While there, Loeb performed his most famous experiment, on artificial parthenogenesis. With this experiment, he was able to cause the sea urchins’ eggs to begin embryonic development without sperm. In 1918 he established and became the first editor of the Journal of General Physiology. He is also known for his work in animal tropism (a biological phenomenon, indicating growth or turning movement of a biological organism, usually a plant, in response to an environmental stimulus) and heteromorphosis (where an organ or tissue is different than the expected). His handwritten note, in full: “Use your influence to introduce the experimental sciences – physics, chemistry and experimental physiology into the schools instead of dead languages, literature, and leisure class history. Bureaucratic government rests on the latter and is incapable with the former subject.” The card is in fine condition, with minor age toning, and the date “1905” in another hand on lower left.