TWO GENERALS WHO FOUGHT TOGETHER IN SHERMAN'S MARCH TO THE SEA: O. O. HOWARD & JOSEPH A. MOWER
Oliver Otis Howard (1830-1909) Signed Slip, "O. O. Howard, Maj. Genl. Vols.", on one side of a 5.5 x 2.25 slip, by the career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was a West Point graduate. In 1857 he fought in the Seminole Wars in Florida. It was in Florida that he experienced a conversion to evangelical Christianity and considered resigning from the Army to become a minister. His religious proclivities would later earn him the nickname "the Christian general." He fought in the First Battle of Bull Run, and on June 1, 1862, while commanding a Union brigade in the Fair Oaks, Howard was wounded twice in his right arm, which was subsequently amputated. (He received the Medal of Honor for his heroism at Fair Oaks.) He was also at the Battle of Antietam, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Chattanooga, Atlanta Campaign, and with General Mower on Sherman's famous March to the Sea. After the war General Howard was commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau (the Army's Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands), where he played a major role in the Reconstruction era and had charge of integrating freedmen (former slaves) into American society. Howard commanded troops in the Indian Wars in the West, including fighting the Apaches in 1872, the famous campaign against the Nez Perce tribe in 1877, the Bannocks and Paiutes in 1878. General Howard is also remembered for playing a role in founding Howard University which was incorporated by Congress in 1867. The school is nonsectarian and is open to both sexes without regard to race.
Joseph Anthony Mower (1827-70) Signed Slip, "Jos. A. Mower, Brig Genl. Comd'g", on the reverse of a 5.5 x 2.25 slip, by the Union general, during the American Civil War, known as "Fighting Joe". Major General William Tecumseh Sherman said of Mower, "he's the boldest young officer we have". He fought in the Mexican-American War. And, during the Civil War he saw action at the Battle of Corinth and was wounded, he recovered and participated in the Siege of Vicksburg, he fought at the Battles of Fort De Russy and Yellow Bayou, commanded at Battle of Tupelo, and was with General Sherman and General Howard in the March to the Sea. Both signatures are in fine condition, with minor age toning.