CIVIL WAR MEDAL OF HONOR, SUPERINTENDANT WEST POINT, COMMANDING GENERAL OF U.S. ARMY
John McAllister Schofield (1831 – 1906) Signed Slip, "J. M. Schofield, Maj Genl", 5.25 x 2, by American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War: He later served as U. S. Secretary of War under Presidents Andrew Johnson and Ulysses S. grant, and Commanding General of the United States Army. At the Battle of Wilson's Creek (Missouri) in August 1861 Schofield acted with "conspicuous gallantry", and received the Medal of Honor for that action. In 1864, as commander of the Army of the Ohio, Schofield participated in the Atlanta Campaign under Major General William T. Sherman. After the fall of Atlanta Schofield's Army of the Ohio was detached to join Major General George H. Thomas in Tennessee. Schofield took part in Thomas's crowning victory at the Battle of Nashville where Confederate General John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee was decisively defeated. Starting in 1876 until 1881, Schofield became superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point where he had been a cadet many years earlier. Upon the death of General Philip Sheridan in 1888, General Schofield, by virtue of his seniority in rank, became the commanding general of the United States Army.