General Albert Coady Wedemeyer (1897 –1989) Handwritten note signed, "A. C. Wedemeyer, Washington, D.C., 5.5 x 8, written on the reverse of a summary of the Wedemeyer Report regarding the Communist takeover of China, by the United States Army commander who served in Asia during World War II from October 1943 to the end of the war. Previously, he was an important member of the War Planning Board which formulated plans for the Invasion of Normandy. He was General George Marshall's chief consultant when in the spring of 1942 he traveled to London with General Marshall and a small group of American military men to consult with the British in an effort to convince the British to support the cross channel invasion. Wedemeyer was a staunch anti-communist. While in China, during the years 1944 to 1945, he assumed command of U.S. forces and was Chiang Kai-shek's Chief of Staff and commanded all American forces in China. Wedemeyer supported Chiang's struggle against Mao Zedong and in 1947 President Truman sent him back to China to render a report on what actions the United States should take. During the Cold War, Wedemeyer was a chief supporter of the Berlin Airlift. The handwritten note in full: "To my friend - William LaVarre, With sincere admiration and appreciation of your dedication to the preservation of our American Heritage." Comes with a 497 page copy of Wedemeyer Reports!. Both items in fine condition, with the report showing some minor rubbing and light stain to the cover and some foxing on the fore edge.
After returning from China, Wedemeyer was promoted to Army Chief of Plans and Operations. In July 1947, President Harry s. Truman sent Wedemeyer to China and Korea to examine the "political, economic, psychological and military situations." The result was the Wedemeyer Report in which Wedemeyer stressed the need for intensive US training of and assistance to the Nationalist armies. Lacking confidence in the Nationalist government whose corruption helped its repeated failure to use the significant equipment already provided by the US, including a notorious incident in which three US-equipped Nationalist divisions defected to the Communists, President Truman not only rejected the recommendations, suppressed the release of the report, and imposed an arms embargo against the Nationalist government.
After the fall of China to Communist forces, General Wedemeyer would testify before Congress that while the loss of morale was indeed a cause of the defeat of the Nationalist Chinese forces, the Truman administration's 1947 decision to discontinue further training and modernizing of Nationalist forces, the US-imposed arms embargo, and constant anti-Nationalist sentiment expressed by Western journalists and policymakers were the primary causes of that loss of morale. Wedemeyer became a hero to US anticommunists, and gave many lectures around the country.
William LaVarre (1898-1991) American explorer, author of many books on his expiditions in South America in the 1920's-1940's, including "Up the Mazaruni for Diamonds" (1919); "Gold, Diamonds, and Orchids" (1935); "Southward Ho! a Treasure Hunter in South America" (7 editions published between 1940-41). And most notably his editorship of American Mercury magazine in the 1950's. American Mercury was, at that time, owned by wealthy oilman, J. Russell Maguire, who used American Mercury to strongly support the Joseph McCarthy drive against Soviet "infiltration" of the U.S. government and promote anti-Semitic themes and arguments. When LaVarre became editor he focused most on what he thought were U.S. Government misdeeds and mistakes in both domestic and international actions. Many American Mercury articles reported news the on the Civil War in China and most were strongly anti-communist in slant. LaVarre was strongly anti-communist in his writings and became friends with like-minded U.S. Military leaders, like General Wedemeyer, and also International leaders like Madam Chaing Kai-shek and the Nationalist Chinese after the Communist takeover of China.