CHARLES DARWIN’S HALF-COUSIN WAS A SCIENTIST WHOSE KNOWLEDGE SPANNED A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF SUBJECTS: HE WAS THE FIRST TO APPLY STATISTICAL METHODS TO THE STUDY OF HUMAN DIFFERENCES AND INHERITANCE OF INTELLIGENCE, INTRODUCED THE USE OF QUESTIONNAIRES AND SURVEYS FOR COLLECTING DATA ON HUMAN COMMUNITIES, WAS A PIONEER ON EUGENICS AND COINED THE TERM ITSELF, COINED THE PHRASE “NURTURE VERSES NATURE”, FOUNDED PSYCHOMETICS AND DIFFERENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY, DEVISED A METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING FINGERPRINTS FOR USE IN FORENSIC SCIENCE, WAS THE INITIATOR OF SCIENTIFIC METEOROLOGY AND DEVISED THE FIRST WEATHER MAP, AND INVENTED THE GALTON WHISTLE
FRANCIS GALTON (1822-1911) SIGNED NOTE, “Very truly, Francis Galton, June 25, 1873”, on a card 4.75 x 3, by the British polymath: a statistician, sociologist, psychologist, anthropologist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, psychometrician and a proponent of social Darwinism, eugenics, and scientific racism. He was the author of over 350 papers and books. He made important contributions in many scientific fields including innovations in statistics and psychological theory; wide-ranging inquiries into heredity; exploring variations in human populations and its implications; his study of human abilities ultimately led to the foundation of differential psychology and the formulation of the first mental tests; he identified common patterns in fingerprints and devised a classification system still in use today, and was a prolific author of hundreds of papers and books. His handwritten note, in full: “We are unable and sorry not to be able to accept your kind invite, for we are on the point of going abroad for the summer.” The card is in fine condition, with a few tiny stains and age toning.