HE COINED THE TERM CRIMINOLOGY AND INSTITUTIONALIZED THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHIATRY IN UNIVERSITIES
CESARE LOMBROSO (1835-1909) SIGNED CARD, “Salutando/C. Lombroso”, Turin, 1900, on a card 4 x 2.5, by the Italian criminologist, phrenologist, physician, and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso’s theory of anthropological criminology, essentially stated that criminality was inherited, and that someone “born criminal” could be identified by physical (congenital) defects, which confirmed a criminal as savage or atavistic. He became professor of forensic medicine and hygiene at Turin University in 1878. That year he wrote his most important and influential work, L’uomo Delinquente, which went through five editions. Lombroso later became professor of psychiatry (1896) and criminal anthropology (1906) at the same university. Through his various publications, Lombroso established a school of psychiatry based on biological determinism and the idea that mental illness was via genetic factors. Since his research tied criminal behavior with the insane, Lombroso is closely credited with the genesis of the criminal insane asylum and forensic psychiatry. In fine condition, with minor age toning.