SIX U. S. SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE WISCONSIN DELEGATION, INCLUDING TWO CIVIL WAR GENERALS, AN AUTHORITY ON CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, AND A POSTMASTER GENERAL, SIGN A LETTER TO PRESIDENT U. S. GRANT CONCERNING THE APPOINTMENT OF THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF IDAHO TERRITORY, 7.75 X 9.75, 2 pgs, "United States Senate Chamber, Washington" letterhead, March 21, 1870, In Part: "To The President: The undersigned, Senator and Representatives in Congress from the State of Wisconsin, respectfully request, that the Hon. David Noggle, at present Chief Justice of Idaho Territory, for more than twenty years had been a citizen of Wisconsin, prior to his appointment as Chief Justice. He had been for many years Judge of the First Judicial Circuit of that State...He is a sound Republican...We beg, therefore, that your Excellency will reconsider the subject, and we hope that Judge Noggle will be permitted to serve out the term of his present appointment...." All six signed: "C. C. Washburn", "H. E. Paine", "Matt. H. Carpenter", "T. O. Howe", "David Atwood", and "Philetus Sawyer". In fine condition, with minor age toning and a little separation at fold.
General Cadwallader Colden Washburn (1818-1882), born in Maine, practiced law and business in Wisconsin, serving 5 terms in the US Congress from that state (1855-1861, 1867-1871). Two of his brothers served in Congress too, one from Maine and the other from Illinois. During the Civil War he joined the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry, participating in the siege of Vicksburg and campaigns on the Texas coast and attaining the rank of Major General. He was Governor of Wisconsin (1872-1874). Washburn was a major investor in the milling firm which became General Mills.
Matthew Hale Carpenter (1824-81) was an American attorney and U.S. Senator representing the state of Wisconsin. At the urging of both Secretary of War Edward Stanton and President Ulysses S. Grant he ran for the U. S. Senate: He served in the Senate from 1869 to 1875 and again from 1879 to 1881. Recognized as an authority on constitutional law, he made some of the most important legal arguments of 19th-century America. Carpenter presented cases before the U. S. Supreme Court involving such matters as states'rights and regulation of corporations. He was the key attorney in a series of landmark cases before the U.S. Supreme Court which helped define states' rights by determining the legality of the Reconstruction acts passed by Congress. A gifted orator, he was dubbed "the Webster of the West."
General Halbert Eleazer Paine (1826 – 1905) was a lawyer, politician, and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war, he was elected to three terms as U. S. Congressman from Wisconsin. Later he wrote a text on contested elections, as well as a memoir of his service in Louisiana during the Civil War.
Timothy Otis Howe (1816-1883), a Republican, represented Wisconsin in the US Senate for three terms (1861-1879). An abolitionist, he supported stringent Reconstruction in the South and voted for the removal of President Andrew Johnson. He served on the commission which purchased the Black Hills territory from the Sioux. Defeated for re-election in 1878, he was a delegate to the International Monetary Conference in Paris in 1881, and was appointed that year as President Arthur's Postmaster General from December 1881 until his death.
PHILETUS SAWYER (1816-1900) made a fortune in the lumber business, first with a saw mill and later with finished wooden furniture. He was Mayor of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, before being elected to the US House of Representatives (1865-1875). He declined to run for re-election, but later represented Wisconsin in the US Senate (1881-1893). A member of the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party (opposed to civil service reform), he clashed with young "progressive Republican" Congressman Robert LaFollette, who accused Sawyer of offering him a bribe. Sawyer acknowledged offering money, but said it was for LaFollette's legal services.
David Atwood (1815 – 1889) was a nineteenth-century American politician, publisher, editor and printer from Wisconsin. He represented Wisconsin's 2nd Congressional District in the U. S. House of Representatives during the 2nd and 3rd sessions of the 41st Congress. He was commissioned a major general in the Wisconsin Militia in 1858.